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[For lawyers only] Common e-filing errors in eLit
How do I start a civil proceeding?
How do I file a Magistrate's Complaint?
How do I file a claim against my neighbour
How do I file an appeal against a sentence or order made by the Court
How do I conduct a criminal case myself
How do I apply for court records
FAQ about Night Courts
How do I pay Court Fines?
Types of Claims which the ECT can hear
Before filing a Claim
Filing a Claim
After a Claim is filed
Settlement of disputes and Appeals
Compliance and Enforcement of Settlement Agreement and Tribunal Order
SMALL CLAIMS TRIBUNALS
How do I appeal against the Registrar's discontinuance order to the Referee (Small Claims Tribunals)?
How do I enforce an order of the Small Claims Tribunals
How do I file an appeal to the High Court against the decision of the Referee, Small Claims Tribunals
How do I file for debt recovery
How do I file a claim at the Small Claims Tribunals
Justice@State Courts mobile app
Small Claims Tribunals
Virtual Tour of Courtrooms
Annual Reports 2003 to 2018
Interested in Mediation/Conciliation/ADR
Employment Claims Tribunals
Annual Workplan Speeches
Annual Workplan Speeches and Themes
FAQs on court reporting
Legislation and Practice Directions
Legislation, Registrar's Circular, Practice Directions and others
International Framework for Court Excellence
International Consortium for Court Excellence
Judiciary Times (newsletter)
State Courts Judgment
Judgments published by LawNet
English to Chinese - Glossary of Terms
English to Malay - Glossary of Terms
English to Tamil - Glossary of Terms
SINGAPORE GOVERNMENT WEBSITES
Community Mediation Centre
Family Justice Courts
Insolvency and Public Trustee's Office
Legal Aid Bureau
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Law
Ministry of Social and Family Development
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The Law Society of Singapore
Commissioner for Oaths
Integrated Criminal Case Filing and Management System
Community Justice and Tribunals System
Court Fine Payment
The day of the hearing
You should always plan to arrive a little earlier. You may wish to check with the party calling you as a witness when you should arrive.
You should bring a jacket or a sweater, as the courtroom can be cold.
Bring documents that will identify who you are (for instance, your NRIC or passport).
Witnesses will usually wait in a special room called a "witness room". You may sometimes have to wait a while before your turn to give evidence. It may be that the witness giving evidence before you is taking longer than expected.
You must not discuss anything you said or heard in court with other witnesses who have yet to give their evidence. This includes raising it on social media sites like Twitter or Facebook.
When it is your turn to give evidence, the party who wishes to call you will enter the witness room and let you know. You will then be brought into the courtroom. There, you will be shown to the "witness stand" (or the "witness box").
In the witness box
Trials in court are conducted in English.
You may be able to speak some English. However, you may have some problems understanding all of the words.
It is important that you understand all the questions that you are asked in court. This will help you answer these questions accurately. You should not answer a question you do not understand.
If you need an interpreter, let the party who is calling you as a witness know as soon as possible. This party can then make arrangements for an interpreter to be available on the day you need to give evidence in court.
When you enter the witness box, you will be required to take an oath or affirmation. This is a promise to tell the truth. If you are a Christian or a Catholic, taking the oath requires you to hold the Bible while swearing to tell the truth. In all other cases, you will make an affirmation instead. In either case, you are to raise your right hand.
When giving evidence, you will need to answer questions from the Prosecutor and the Defence Counsel. You may also need to answer questions from the Judge. Regardless of who asks the questions, your answers are to be addressed to the Judge. Address the Judge as "Your Honour".
There are three stages in the giving of evidence from the witness box.
When giving evidence in court:
If you are asked for an opinion on something, and you are not in a position to offer one, you can say "I am not able to give an opinion on that".
If you need a break after giving evidence for some time, you can let the Judge know. If you do not feel well, you should let the Judge know as well.
After giving evidence
When you have completed giving evidence, you may leave the witness box with the permission of the Judge. The Judge may, however, order that you be recalled as a witness, if necessary. This may take place sometime after you first gave evidence.
Ask the party who called you as a witness about expenses. You may be allowed to claim a reasonable sum to recover your expenses of going to, remaining at, and returning from court. Click
here for more information on claims, and access the claim forms here.
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