The Justice Statement
State Courts Logo
History of State Courts
Court Governance and Administration
Construction of State Courts Towers
Join us as a Court Volunteer
List of Court Volunteers
Roles of Court Volunteers
Appreciating Court Volunteers
Training and Networking Sessions for Court Volunteers
Recognising Court Volunteers
Positions in State Courts
[For lawyers only] Common e-filing errors in eLit
How do I start a civil proceeding?
How do I file a Magistrate's Complaint?
How do I file a claim against my neighbour
How do I file an appeal against a sentence or order made by the Court
How do I conduct a criminal case myself
How do I apply for court records
FAQ about Night Courts
How do I pay Court Fines?
Types of Claims which the ECT can hear
Before filing a Claim
Filing a Claim
After a Claim is filed
Settlement of disputes and Appeals
Compliance and Enforcement of Settlement Agreement and Tribunal Order
SMALL CLAIMS TRIBUNALS
How do I appeal against the Registrar's discontinuance order to the Referee (Small Claims Tribunals)?
How do I enforce an order of the Small Claims Tribunals
How do I file an appeal to the High Court against the decision of the Referee, Small Claims Tribunals
How do I file for debt recovery
How do I file a claim at the Small Claims Tribunals
Employment Claims Tribunals
Small Claims Tribunals
Interested in Mediation/Conciliation/ADR
Justice@State Courts mobile app
Virtual Tour of Courtrooms
Legislation and Practice Directions
Registrar's Circular, Practice Directions, Legislation and others
State Courts Judgment
Judgments published by LawNet
Annual Reports 2003 to 2018
Annual Workplan Speeches
Annual Workplan Speeches and Themes
International Framework for Court Excellence
International Consortium for Court Excellence
English to Chinese - Glossary of Terms
English to Malay - Glossary of Terms
English to Tamil - Glossary of Terms
FAQs on court reporting
SINGAPORE GOVERNMENT WEBSITES
Community Mediation Centre
Family Justice Courts
Insolvency and Public Trustee's Office
Legal Aid Bureau
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Law
Ministry of Social and Family Development
National Youth Council
Supreme Court of Singapore
Asean Law Association
Community Development Councils
Criminal Legal Aid Scheme
SG Heart Map
Singapore Academy of Law
Singapore Children's Society
Singapore Institute of Legal Education
Singapore International Arbitration Centre
Singapore Mediation Centre
The Law Society of Singapore
Commissioner for Oaths
Integrated Case Management System
Community Justice and Tribunals System
Court Fine Payment
A witness is very important in the criminal justice process.
If you are a witness, it may mean that you:
Witnesses play a vital role by giving information to the court.
The information given is called "evidence" or "testimony".
The courts need witnesses to give evidence so they can build a picture of what happened. This will help the court decide whether the accused is guilty of the crime he has been charged with.
A witness can be asked to attend court by the Prosecution or the Defence.
The Prosecution represents the state. It consists of Prosecutors. Investigation Officers (from the police) usually help the Prosecutors when a case has been fixed for a hearing in court. You may already have given information in the form of a statement to the Investigation Officer or another police officer. Prosecutors present the case for the Prosecution against the accused. They must present enough evidence to prove "beyond reasonable doubt" that the accused is guilty of the crime he has been charged with.
If the accused is represented by a lawyer, his lawyer is often referred to as the "Defence Counsel". Defence Counsel act on behalf of the accused. You may also have given information to the Defence Counsel. The role of the Defence Counsel is to test the evidence presented by the Prosecution in court and to "put" the accused's position to the witness. If there is more than one accused, there may be more than one Defence Counsel in court. Each may ask the witness questions about their evidence.
A witness giving evidence in court must answer truthfully all questions posed by the:
The Judge is the person in charge of the court proceedings. He will ensure that:
A witness must:
The subpoena and court date/time
If you are required to be a witness, you will receive a summons to appear in court. The summons is often referred to as the "subpoena".
A subpoena is an order that a person attend court on a specified date and time to give evidence as a witness. A subpoena must not be ignored.
The subpoena may sometimes require the witness to produce documents. If so, the subpoena will list the documents the witness must produce.
Unless the subpoena is set aside by the court, you
must attend court on the specified date and time. If you fail to attend court, you will be guilty of contempt of court. You may then be fined or imprisoned.
You should let your employer know in advance if you have been subpoenaed as a witness.
You should speak to the party who subpoenaed you to be a witness if:
The Witness Support Programme provides support to vulnerable witnesses who have to give evidence in court.
What you should wear to court
You should always be dressed neatly and decently when entering a courthouse and in the courtroom.
Information is easy to understand.
Information is useful.
Information is easy to find.
Tell us how we can improve this page.
Please email if you would like us to respond to your enquiries.
We will use your contact infomation for feedback related to the website only.
You are being redirected to an external source.
Do you want to proceed?
Thank you for your feedback.
Oops, that can't be blank....