The Justice Statement
State Courts Logo
History of State Courts
Court Governance and Administration
Construction of State Courts Towers
Join us as a Court Volunteer
List of Court Volunteers
Roles of Court Volunteers
Appreciating Court Volunteers
Training and Networking Sessions for Court Volunteers
Recognising Court Volunteers
Positions in State Courts
[For lawyers only] Common e-filing errors in eLit
How do I start a civil proceeding?
How do I file a Magistrate's Complaint?
How do I file a claim against my neighbour
How do I file an appeal against a sentence or order made by the Court
How do I conduct a criminal case myself
How do I apply for court records
FAQ about Night Courts
How do I pay Court Fines?
EMPLOYMENT CLAIMS TRIBUNALS
Types of Claims which the ECT can hear
Before filing a Claim
Filing a Claim
After a Claim is filed
Settlement of disputes and Appeals
Compliance and Enforcement of Settlement Agreement and Tribunal Order
SMALL CLAIMS TRIBUNALS
How do I appeal against the Registrar's discontinuance order to the Referee (Small Claims Tribunals)?
How do I enforce an order of the Small Claims Tribunals
How do I file an appeal to the High Court against the decision of the Referee, Small Claims Tribunals
How do I file for debt recovery
How do I file a claim at the Small Claims Tribunals
Justice@State Courts mobile app
Small Claims Tribunals
Virtual Tour of Courtrooms
Annual Reports 2003 to 2018
Interested in Mediation/Conciliation/ADR
Employment Claims Tribunals
Annual Workplan Speeches
Annual Workplan Speeches and Themes
FAQs on court reporting
Legislation and Practice Directions
Legislation, Registrar's Circular, Practice Directions and others
International Framework for Court Excellence
International Consortium for Court Excellence
Judiciary Times (newsletter)
State Courts Judgment
Judgments published by LawNet
English to Chinese - Glossary of Terms
English to Malay - Glossary of Terms
English to Tamil - Glossary of Terms
SINGAPORE GOVERNMENT WEBSITES
Community Mediation Centre
Family Justice Courts
Insolvency and Public Trustee's Office
Legal Aid Bureau
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Law
Ministry of Social and Family Development
National Youth Council
Supreme Court of Singapore
Asean Law Association
Community Development Councils
Criminal Legal Aid Scheme
SG Heart Map
Singapore Academy of Law
Singapore Children's Society
Singapore Institute of Legal Education
Singapore International Arbitration Centre
Singapore Mediation Centre
The Law Society of Singapore
Community Justice and Tribunals System
Integrated Criminal Case Filing and Management System
Court Fine Payment
The Employment Claims Act (Act 21 of 2016) (the "Employment Claims Act") sets up the new
Employment Claims Tribunals ("ECT"), which provide employees and employers with an expeditious and affordable avenue to resolve salary-related disputes and wrongful dismissal disputes. The Employment Claims Act also aims to facilitate the resolution of salary-related employment disputes for more employees.
The ECT came into operation on 1 April 2017.
The Employment Claims Tribunals (ECT) hears:
Back to the top
Statutory salary-related disputes are disputes over employee entitlements under the Employment Act (EA), Retirement and Re-employment Act (RRA) and Child Development Co-Savings Act (CDCA), such as unpaid salary, overtime pay, salary in lieu of notice, employment assistance payment and maternity benefits etc.
Contractual salary-related disputes are disputes over employee entitlements under the employee's contract of service, including payment of allowances, bonuses, commissions, salary in lieu of notice and retrenchment benefits, as long as these are provided in monetary terms in the contract.
Note that public servants, domestic workers and seafarers may not bring contractual salary-related claims to the ECT. However, they can still bring limited statutory salary-related claims for employment assistant payments and maternity benefits to the ECT.
Back to the top
Wrongful dismissal occurs when an employee is dismissed without just cause or excuse. For more information on what could amount to wrongful dismissal, please refer to the Tripartite Guidelines on Wrongful Dismissal available
If you believe you have been wrongfully dismissed, you may file a claim for:
For more information on computing the compensation claimable under (b), please refer to the Employment Claims Regulations 2017 available
This is because there are other avenues for these employees to resolve their employment disputes. Public servants continue to have recourse through the Public Service's internal processes. Domestic workers can approach their employment agencies and MOM to resolve employment disputes. Likewise for seafarers, they can continue to settle disputes, including salary-related disputes, under the Merchant Shipping (Maritime Labour Convention) Act.
However, public servants, domestic workers and seafarers may bring certain statutory salary-related and wrongful dismissal claims to TADM and the ECT, such as claims for employment assistance payments and maternity benefits.
Back to the top
Interns who are engaged under a contract of service, i.e. the intern agrees to serve the employer as an employee, will be covered under the Employment Claims Act and may bring their claims before the ECT.
No, employers can only bring contractual and statutory claims relating to salary in lieu of notice of termination to the ECT.
Non-payment of CPF contributions is not a salary claim, but an offence under the CPF Act. Employees may inform the CPF Board of such issues for appropriate action to be taken.
Information on CPF contributions can be found on the CPF website at
Click on the "Employers" tab on the top bar, and select "Employer Guide". You can also email the CPF Board at
firstname.lastname@example.org if you require any help.
You may wish to seek advice from Tripartite Alliance for Dispute Management ("TADM") before submitting your mediation request to them.
The ECT will take over the Labour Court's function on resolving salary disputes, but the Labour Court will continue to hear claims relating to the transfer of employment under section 18A of the Employment Act, claims for workmen's compensation, claims for non-salary related disputes and claims related to the recovery of salary not paid in legal tender, among other things.
The SCT mainly hears disputes between consumers and suppliers, and does not cover salary-related disputes or wrongful dismissal disputes. However, the SCT may hear cases involving independent contractors bound by contracts for services (e.g. self-employed persons, freelancers), which are excluded from the ECT.
As the State Courts must remain neutral and independent in adjudicating matters that are filed in the Courts, the State Courts staff are not in the position to provide advice for any matter that is or may come within our court system. If you require legal advice, you may find this list of organisations and their websites useful:
Migrant Workers' Centre (MWC)
Head Office: 60 Paya Lebar Road, #13-45, Paya Lebar Square (Lobby 2), Singapore 409051
Telephone: (+65) 6290 7633
Address: 1 Havelock Square, Level 1 State Courts building, Singapore 059724
Telephone: (+65) 6557 4100
The Law Society of Singapore's Pro Bono Services Office
Address: 50 Market Street, #10-04, Golden Shoe Car Park, Singapore 048940
Telephone: (+65) 6536 0650
(Office in State Courts is only for Criminal Legal Aid Scheme matters)
Address: 1 Supreme Court Lane, Level 5M, Singapore 178879
Telephone: (+65) 6332 4388
Information is easy to understand.
Information is useful.
Information is easy to find.
Tell us how we can improve this page.
Please email if you would like us to respond to your enquiries.
We will use your contact infomation for feedback related to the website only.
You are being redirected to an external source.
Do you want to proceed?
Thank you for your feedback.
Oops, that can't be blank....