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[For lawyers only] Common e-filing errors in eLit
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The Employment Claims Act (Act 21 of 2016) (the "Employment Claims Act") sets up the new
Employment Claims Tribunals ("ECT"), which provide employees and employers with an expeditious and affordable avenue to resolve salary-related disputes and wrongful dismissal disputes. The Employment Claims Act also aims to facilitate the resolution of salary-related employment disputes for more employees.
The ECT came into operation on 1 April 2017.
Before a claim can be filed at the ECT, parties must first submit their request for mediation at the Tripartite Alliance for Dispute Management ("TADM"), whose role is to provide advisory and compulsory mediation services. Only unresolved disputes may be referred to the ECT.The process to file an ECT claim is as follows: ECT claims may be filed online using the Community Justice and Tribunals System (CJTS) at
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You can file an employment claim online using the Community Justice and Tribunals System (CJTS) available at
No, you cannot file these claims together.
Salary-related claims, which includes both statutory and contractual salary-related disputes, must be filed separately from claims involving wrongful dismissal disputes.
You can file different salary-related disputes together in a single claim, but a claim for wrongful dismissal dispute must be filed separately. For example, if a claimant was not paid overtime pay and for sick leave, and feels she has been wrongfully dismissed, she cannot put all these heads of claims into a single claim. Her claim for overtime pay and sick leave can be filed together, but her wrongful dismissal dispute has to be filed as a separate claim.
Separate fees apply for each claim (S$30 for a claim of under S$10,000 or S$60 for a claim of over S$10,000). Separate and independent claim limits of $20,000 or $30,000* also apply to salary-related claims and wrongful dismissal claims.
*For employees who go through the Tripartite Mediation Framework or mediation assisted by their unions recognised under the Industrial Relations Act.
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When filing a claim online in the Community Justice and Tribunals System (CJTS), you should upload the following:
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You are not allowed to split your claims and pursue multiple ECT proceedings if the only reason for doing so is to bring the amount claimed within the claim limit.
The fees for filing a claim at the ECT are as follows:
Claimant's filing fee
Respondent's filing fee
More than $10,000*
Depending on the complexity of your case, you may also incur other
charges. Some of these common fees are:
For a full list of the fees involved, please refer to the First Schedule to the Employment Claims Rules 2017. The First Schedule can be viewed here.
You may serve the documents using the following modes:
After the documents are served, you are required to file a declaration of service (DOS) online in the Community Justice and Tribunals System (CJTS) before the date of the first case management conference. To file the DOS, log into CJTS and click on “Online Applications”, then “ECT” and choose the e-service “Declaration of Service”.
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A claim or summons cannot be served on any person outside Singapore.
If a party you wish to claim against is residing overseas (for individuals), or whose registered office or place of business is overseas (for non-individuals), you would have to seek your own legal advice on your available course of action. However, once a claim is filed and served in Singapore, all subsequent documents relating to the ECT proceedings may be served on persons outside Singapore (except for summonses).
No, an employer cannot prevent a claim from being filed by its employee. All employees covered under the Employment Claims Act are entitled to file a salary-related claim with the ECT.
If an employer does not agree to a claim made against it, the employer may file a response online using the Community Justice and Tribunals System (CJTS). The employer should log into CJTS using the one-time reference number found on the Notice of Case Management Conference which the employer should have received from the employee together with the claim. The employer may then continue to present its case during the Case Management Conference and the Hearing at the ECT.
The employer may then continue to present its case during the Case Management Conference and the Hearing at the ECT.
No, they may not. Employees are required to submit their mediation request / their claims separately. The claims limit will be applicable to each individual's claims.Although the claims cannot be submitted or filed collectively, the claims may be mediated at TADM or heard at the ECT together, if, depending on the facts of the case, it is convenient to do so.
Yes, the respondent can. If the respondent has a counterclaim, he/she should submit a mediation request for the counterclaim at TADM.
If you need the services of a Court interpreter for the Chinese (including dialects), Malay and Tamil languages, you must inform the Employment Claims Registry when you are filing the claim, or before the CMC or other proceedings during which the interpreter is required.For any other languages, you would need to engage an interpreter to be present at the CMC or other proceedings. If you require assistance, you may approach the Tripartite Alliance for Dispute Management (TADM).
As the State Courts must remain neutral and independent in adjudicating matters that are filed in the Courts, the State Courts staff are not in the position to provide advice for any matter that is or may come within our court system. If you require legal advice, you may find this list of organisations and their websites useful:
Migrant Workers' Centre (MWC)
Head Office: 60 Paya Lebar Road, #13-45, Paya Lebar Square (Lobby 2), Singapore 409051
Telephone: (+65) 6290 7633
Address: 1 Havelock Square, Level 1 State Courts building, Singapore 059724
Telephone: (+65) 6557 4100
The Law Society of Singapore's Pro Bono Services Office
Address: 50 Market Street, #10-04, Golden Shoe Car Park, Singapore 048940
Telephone: (+65) 6536 0650
(Office in State Courts is only for Criminal Legal Aid Scheme matters)
Address: 1 Supreme Court Lane, Level 5M, Singapore 178879
Telephone: (+65) 6332 4388
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