The Justice Statement
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History of State Courts
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Construction of State Courts Towers
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List of Court Volunteers
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Positions in State Courts
[For lawyers only] Common e-filing errors in eLit
How do I start a civil proceeding?
How do I file a Magistrate's Complaint?
How do I file a claim against my neighbour
How do I file an appeal against a sentence or order made by the Court
How do I conduct a criminal case myself
How do I apply for court records
FAQ about Night Courts
How do I pay Court Fines?
Types of Claims which the ECT can hear
Before filing a Claim
Filing a Claim
After a Claim is filed
Settlement of disputes and Appeals
Compliance and Enforcement of Settlement Agreement and Tribunal Order
SMALL CLAIMS TRIBUNALS
How do I appeal against the Registrar's discontinuance order to the Referee (Small Claims Tribunals)?
How do I enforce an order of the Small Claims Tribunals
How do I file an appeal to the High Court against the decision of the Referee, Small Claims Tribunals
How do I file for debt recovery
How do I file a claim at the Small Claims Tribunals
Employment Claims Tribunals
Small Claims Tribunals
Interested in Mediation/Conciliation/ADR
Justice@State Courts mobile app
Virtual Tour of Courtrooms
Legislation and Practice Directions
Registrar's Circular, Practice Directions, Legislation and others
State Courts Judgment
Judgments published by LawNet
Annual Reports 2003 to 2018
Annual Workplan Speeches
Annual Workplan Speeches and Themes
International Framework for Court Excellence
International Consortium for Court Excellence
English to Chinese - Glossary of Terms
English to Malay - Glossary of Terms
English to Tamil - Glossary of Terms
FAQs on court reporting
SINGAPORE GOVERNMENT WEBSITES
Community Mediation Centre
Family Justice Courts
Insolvency and Public Trustee's Office
Legal Aid Bureau
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Law
Ministry of Social and Family Development
National Youth Council
Supreme Court of Singapore
Asean Law Association
Community Development Councils
Criminal Legal Aid Scheme
SG Heart Map
Singapore Academy of Law
Singapore Children's Society
Singapore Institute of Legal Education
Singapore International Arbitration Centre
Singapore Mediation Centre
The Law Society of Singapore
Commissioner for Oaths
Integrated Case Management System
Community Justice and Tribunals System
Court Fine Payment
A Hearing takes place in private before a Tribunal. A judge, called the Tribunal Magistrate, presides over the Tribunal. The Tribunal Magistrate will direct the flow and manner of the proceedings as he/she deems fit.
All parties to a case must attend the Hearing. A failure to attend can result in an adverse Order being made against the absent party.
During the Hearing each party will have a chance to present his/her case. At the end of the Hearing, the Tribunal may make one or more of the following Orders:
For a salary-related claim:
Require a party to pay money to another party; and/or
Dismiss the whole or any part of the claim.
For a wrongful dismissal claim:
Require an employer to reinstate an employee who has been wrongfully dismissed and to pay the employee his loss of wages from the date of dismissal to the date of reinstatement;
Require an employer to pay compensation to an employee who has been wrongfully dismissed; or
Dismiss the claim.
In either case:
Require a party to pay costs to another party.
The Tribunal may also refer parties to mediation. The Tribunal can make an Order even if a party is absent from the hearing. In making an Order, the Tribunal will take into account all the facts of the case, including whether:
A copy of the Order from the Tribunal will be made available online on the CJTS, and this Order will have the effect of an Order of a District Court.
If you or your witness requires interpretation services, you should inform the ECT at the earliest opportunity. The State Courts will provide free interpretation services for the following languages:
For any other language(s) or special needs requiring interpretation services, please make your own arrangements, at your own costs.
You may also apply under
the Community Justice and Tribunals Division (CJTD) Friend Scheme for your
family member, friend, or a volunteer from the Community Justice Centre or pro
bono agency / entity to interpret spoken communications and/or written documents.
This request to be accompanied by a CJTD Friend to assist in interpretation is
subject to the approval of the tribunal or the Registrar.
Unrepresented litigants-in-person may apply under the CJTD Friend Scheme to be assisted in proceedings before the ECT or the Registrar by a family member, friend, or a volunteer from the Community Justice Centre or other pro bono agency / entity. Please note that the CJTD Friend may not provide you with legal advice, manage your case or act as your agent when dealing with other parties, or address the tribunal or the Registrar during the CMC or at a hearing.
This request to be accompanied by a CJTD Friend is subject to the approval of the tribunal or the Registrar. If you wish to make an application under the CJTD Friend Scheme, you may find out more details here.
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