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[For lawyers only] Common e-filing errors in eLit
How do I start a civil proceeding?
How do I file a Magistrate's Complaint?
How do I file a claim against my neighbour
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How do I conduct a criminal case myself
How do I apply for court records
FAQ about Night Courts
How do I pay Court Fines?
Types of Claims which the ECT can hear
Before filing a Claim
Filing a Claim
After a Claim is filed
Settlement of disputes and Appeals
Compliance and Enforcement of Settlement Agreement and Tribunal Order
SMALL CLAIMS TRIBUNALS
How do I appeal against the Registrar's discontinuance order to the Referee (Small Claims Tribunals)?
How do I enforce an order of the Small Claims Tribunals
How do I file an appeal to the High Court against the decision of the Referee, Small Claims Tribunals
How do I file for debt recovery
How do I file a claim at the Small Claims Tribunals
Justice@State Courts mobile app
Small Claims Tribunals
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Annual Reports 2003 to 2018
Interested in Mediation/Conciliation/ADR
Employment Claims Tribunals
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Annual Workplan Speeches and Themes
FAQs on court reporting
Legislation and Practice Directions
Legislation, Registrar's Circular, Practice Directions and others
International Framework for Court Excellence
International Consortium for Court Excellence
Judiciary Times (newsletter)
State Courts Judgment
Judgments published by LawNet
English to Chinese - Glossary of Terms
English to Malay - Glossary of Terms
English to Tamil - Glossary of Terms
SINGAPORE GOVERNMENT WEBSITES
Community Mediation Centre
Family Justice Courts
Insolvency and Public Trustee's Office
Legal Aid Bureau
Ministry of Education
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Ministry of Social and Family Development
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Asean Law Association
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Singapore Mediation Centre
The Law Society of Singapore
Commissioner for Oaths
Integrated Criminal Case Filing and Management System
Community Justice and Tribunals System
Court Fine Payment
The State Courts recognise that a seamless civil justice system is the cornerstone of an effective and efficient civil justice process. The aim of this system is to monitor and ensure the smooth and timely flow of cases between the Civil Registry, the State Courts Centre for Dispute Resolution and the Civil Trial Courts towards achieving better case management and speedier disposal of civil cases. This ensures litigation cost savings for the parties and optimises the deployment of the State Courts resources.
Civil Trial Courts are presided over by District Judges and Magistrates who hear the evidence in open court. After hearing the evidence and submissions presented by the parties or their lawyers, the District Judge or Magistrate will proceed to pronounce Judgment on the matter for the parties' compliance.
A District Judge is a judicial officer who presides in a District Court. He/she is appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Chief Justice. For civil claims, a District Court has jurisdiction to hear and try an action for the recovery of a sum or sums not exceeding S$250,000 or, in the case of road traffic accident claims or claims for personal injuries arising out of industrial accidents, up to $500,000. For specific details regarding the powers and jurisdiction of a District Court, please refer to the State Courts Act.
A District Judge will hear and try a civil action in open court, unless otherwise ordered. At the conclusion of the trial, the District Judge will pronounce judgment and such judgment shall (subject to appeal to the High Court) be final and conclusive between the parties. The District Judge is also concurrently appointed as a Magistrate. When presiding in a Magistrate's Court, a District Judge only has the powers and jurisdiction of a Magistrate.
A Magistrate is a judicial officer who presides in a Magistrate's Court. He/she is appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Chief Justice. For civil claims, a Magistrate's Court has jurisdiction to hear and try an action for the recovery of a sum or sums not exceeding S$60,000. For specific details regarding the powers and jurisdiction of a Magistrate's Court, please refer to the State Courts Act.
A Magistrate will hear and try a civil action in open court, unless otherwise ordered. At the conclusion of the trial, the Magistrate will pronounce judgment and such judgment shall (subject to appeal to the High Court) be final and conclusive between the parties.
The Civil Registry handles all administrative matters relating to the operations of the Civil Justice Division.All interlocutory applications (i.e. applications that are filed and heard before the trial) are heard by Deputy Registrars (who are Judicial Officers) at the Civil Registry. The Civil Registry is also tasked with the management of the caseload heard at the Civil Justice Division. The Civil Registry ensures the smooth and efficient running of the seamless Civil Justice Division and oversees the history of the case or matter from the commencement of filing of the Writ of Summons or Originating Summons to the final resolution of the matter.
A Deputy Registrar is a judicial officer appointed by the Chief Justice. Deputy Registrars assist the Registrar in the smooth running of the Civil Registry in the State Courts. Besides their administrative duties, Deputy Registrars also have judicial functions. Deputy Registrars hear all interlocutory matters (hearings before trial) in Chambers and have the same jurisdiction and powers conferred on a District Court by the State Courts Act and the Rules of Court.
The Bailiffs Section handles the enforcement proceedings commenced by parties in respect of Judgments and Orders of cases that come under the jurisdiction of the State Courts. The bailiffs are empowered under Sections 15 & 16 of the State Courts Act (Chapter 321) to handle enforcement proceedings.
The bailiffs may, under the authority given to them under Section 16 of the State Courts Act (Chapter 321), enter the house of the judgment debtor or premises of a third party to execute and carry into effect all Writs of Execution and Court Orders. The usual enforcement filed by parties includes a Writ of Seizure and Sale.
In carrying out enforcement proceedings, each bailiff of the State Courts is issued distinctive vests and authority passes to aid in identifying them as Court officials in the course of their work.
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