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[For lawyers only] Common e-filing errors in eLit
How do I start a civil proceeding?
How do I file a Magistrate's Complaint?
How do I file a claim against my neighbour
How do I file an appeal against a sentence or order made by the Court
How do I conduct a criminal case myself
How do I apply for court records
FAQ about Night Courts
How do I pay Court Fines?
Types of Claims which the ECT can hear
Before filing a Claim
Filing a Claim
After a Claim is filed
Settlement of disputes and Appeals
Compliance and Enforcement of Settlement Agreement and Tribunal Order
SMALL CLAIMS TRIBUNALS
How do I appeal against the Registrar's discontinuance order to the Referee (Small Claims Tribunals)?
How do I enforce an order of the Small Claims Tribunals
How do I file an appeal to the High Court against the decision of the Referee, Small Claims Tribunals
How do I file for debt recovery
How do I file a claim at the Small Claims Tribunals
Employment Claims Tribunals
Small Claims Tribunals
Interested in Mediation/Conciliation/ADR
Justice@State Courts mobile app
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Legislation and Practice Directions
Registrar's Circular, Practice Directions, Legislation and others
State Courts Judgment
Judgments published by LawNet
Annual Reports 2003 to 2018
Annual Workplan Speeches
Annual Workplan Speeches and Themes
International Framework for Court Excellence
International Consortium for Court Excellence
English to Chinese - Glossary of Terms
English to Malay - Glossary of Terms
English to Tamil - Glossary of Terms
FAQs on court reporting
SINGAPORE GOVERNMENT WEBSITES
Community Mediation Centre
Family Justice Courts
Insolvency and Public Trustee's Office
Legal Aid Bureau
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Law
Ministry of Social and Family Development
National Youth Council
Supreme Court of Singapore
Asean Law Association
Community Development Councils
Criminal Legal Aid Scheme
SG Heart Map
Singapore Academy of Law
Singapore Children's Society
Singapore Institute of Legal Education
Singapore International Arbitration Centre
Singapore Mediation Centre
The Law Society of Singapore
Commissioner for Oaths
Integrated Case Management System
Community Justice and Tribunals System
Court Fine Payment
1. A party to proceedings in the Community Disputes Resolution Tribunals (CDRT) must present his or her own case.
2. Lawyers are
not allowed to represent a party to the proceedings. The only exception is when all parties to the proceedings agree for a party to be represented by a lawyer
and the CDRT gives permission upon approval of the Application for Representation.
3. A party to the proceedings may be represented by another person in
only the following situations, provided that the CDRT is satisfied that the person has sufficient knowledge of the case and sufficient authority to bind the party whom he represents:
Who can represent the party?
The party is below 21 years old; and
The CDRT is of the opinion that he is unable to present his own case.
The party's parent;
The party's guardian; or
A person who is approved by the CDRT.
The party is not living in Singapore; and
The party is unable to remain in Singapore until the hearing of the case.
A person who is:
authorised in writing by the party;
approved by the CDRT.
The party who, in the opinion of the CDRT, is unable to present his own case because he is:
4. All proceedings are heard
in camera. This means that only the parties to the proceedings and the witnesses who have been called to give evidence in the proceedings are allowed to be present during the proceedings. Media
personnel, members of the public, as well as immediate family members who are
not parties to the proceedings and are not called to give evidence in the
proceedings are generally not allowed to be present. However,
the CDRT may permit any prescribed individual, any individual belonging to a
prescribed class of individuals, or any other individual that the CDRT deems
fit to observe the hearing of a claim.
5. Unrepresented litigants-in-person may
apply under the Community Justice and Tribunals
Division (CJTD) Friend Scheme to be assisted in
proceedings before the CDRT or the Registrar by a family member, friend, or a
volunteer from the Community Justice Centre or other pro bono agency / entity. This request to be
accompanied by a CJTD Friend is subject to the approval of the tribunal or the
Registrar. If you wish to make an application under the CJTD Friend Scheme, you
may find out more details here.
6. At any point during the proceedings, the CDRT can order parties to the proceedings to attend mediation at the Community Mediation Centre or before any other mediator.
7. A party who fails to comply with the order to attend mediation commits contempt of court. The court may take the following actions against the party:
Send the party to prison for up to 6 months;
Fine the party up to $2,000;
Send the party to prison for up to 6 months and fine him up to $2,000; or
Refer the party to the Public Prosecutor to bring criminal proceedings against him.
8. The CDRT is not bound by the rules of evidence but may inform itself on any matter in such manner as it thinks fit.
9. Documents that are used in the CDRT proceedings can be served on the other party in the following ways:
Handing the documents to the party to be served
Leaving the documents at the residential address of the party to be served
Regular post to the residential address
Posting the documents to the residential address of the party to be served
As agreed between parties
In a manner that is agreed between the parties to the proceedings
As directed by the CDRT
In a manner that is directed by the CDRT
10. Where any party to the proceedings does not attend the proceedings, the CDRT may proceed with the hearing in the absence of that party and make any orders that the CDRT thinks fit, including dismissing the Claim or entering judgment for or against either party.
11. For a list of some of the fees payable during the course of a claim filed at the CDRT, click
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