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All Tribunal orders may be enforced in the same way as a District Court order. The guide below outlines the main steps of enforcing an Tribunal order. It is not meant to provide legal advice. More information on how to enforce an Tribunal order can be found on the State Courts website at: •"Enforce Judgments or Orders by Writ of Seizure and Sale" https://www.statecourts.gov.sg/CivilCase/Pages/EnforcementofJudgmentsorOrdersbyWritofSeizureandSale.aspx
•"A Guide to Common Civil Justice Processes"https://www.statecourts.gov.sg/CivilCase/Pages/Brochures.aspx
Depending on the complexity of a case, a party may wish to seek legal advice or guidance by approaching the following organisations:
1. The person applying to enforce an order (i.e., the winning party in a lawsuit) will be known as the "Judgment Creditor", and the other party will be known as the "Judgment Debtor".
2. An order for the payment of money is generally enforced by:
A writ of seizure and sale allows a court bailiff to enter the Judgment Debtor's premises, and to seize and sell his movable property. The Judgment Debtor will then have 7 days to settle all payment owed to the Judgment Creditor. If payment is not made, the Judgment Creditor may apply to proceed with an auction sale of the seized items and recover the money from the sale.
This option may be considered if the Judgment Creditor knows that the Judgment Debtor has physical assets of sufficient value that may be sold to recover the cost of enforcement, and pay the amount owed as stated in the Tribunal order. There is no guarantee that a writ of seizure and sale will be successfully executed, and no guarantee that the amount owed and the expenses incurred during the execution process will be recovered. A formal application under Order 47 of the Rules of Court (Cap. 322) is required. Enquiries may be made at the Bailiff's Section on the ground floor of the State Courts during operating hours.
3. Pre-enforcement. If the Judgment Creditor is not aware of what assets the Judgment Debtor has (like whether he has valuable property to be sold, or whether he has money in the bank, or what his bank account details are), he may consider applying for an Examination of Judgment Debtor to examine the Judgment Debtor under oath to find out what assets are available for use to satisfy the judgment debt. Once he knows the nature and extent of the Judgment Debtor's assets, he may then consider and select the most appropriate course of action to enforce the Tribunal order. A formal application under Order 48 of the Rules of Court (Cap. 322) is required for the examination of the Judgment Debtor.
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